Schizophrenia is a group of mental disorders which have in common an inability to distinquish reality from fantasy. It is a disorder of thinking, in which the person may see things which are not there (visual hallucinations) or hear imaginary voices (auditory hallucinations) and have bizarre unfounded beliefs (delusions). There is also a withdrawal from reality, the person living in their own fantasy world. Starting between ages 15 years and 45 years, about 1% of the population may suffer from an episode of schizophrenia lasting at least six months. Two thirds of those will have further episodes. With recurrent episodes your ability to cope in social situations tends to decline and you become more withdrawn.
Deaths due to Suicide Map 482, some of which will be due to schizophrenia, are counted separately. There is also an increased risk of Accidental death Map 474. Therefore the true mortality from schizophrenia is not shown in the figures here. The few deaths recorded here may include people living alone who put themselves at risk by their own self neglect.
Excluding deaths from suicide and accident, schizophrenia caused 0.04% of all deaths worldwide in 2002, an average of 4 deaths per million people per year, compared to an average of 140 suicides per million people.
Global Burden of Diseases estimated in 2002 Schizophrenia caused 2.8% of all years spent living with a disability worldwide, affecting men and women equally.