Endocrine and other disorders includes some disorders of the endocrine glands, obesity and other excess intake disorders, some disorders of the blood, certain disorders involving the immune system and metabolic disorders.
The endocrine glands are organs in the body that produce hormones, special essential chemicals that control body functions. The main endocrine glands are the thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, adrenal, pancreas, ovary in women and testes in men.
The pituitary gland, in the centre of the brain, produces many hormones, some control other endocrine glands, others like growth hormone, act directly on the body.
The disorders of thyroid gland included here are not due to dietary iodine deficiency U055 Map 413. Hormonal conditions causing the thyroid to be underactive (myxoedema) or overactive (thyrotoxicosis) are included.
Endocrine disorders caused 0.4% of all deaths worldwide in 2002, an average of 39 deaths per million people per year.