229 Malaria Cases
Malaria cases are a count of how many people are known to have contracted malaria. An estimated 72 million people had malaria by 2002/2003. Thus at this time over 1% of the world population had malaria. Below is a definition of malaria sourced from the World Health Organisation in October 2006 (from this website: http://malaria.who.int/ ):
“Malaria is an infection caused by a parasite and carried from person to person by mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable but kills more than one million people - most of them young children living in Africa - each year.”
The link below has more information about malaria made available by the World Health Organisation, and is also the source from some of the additional information included in the descriptive note on the poster:
The source of these data is the World Health Organization (WHO), 2004. Human Resources for Health, Basic data (Communicable Diseases as of 21 March 2005 ). The report states that its source in turn was the WHO and United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF) World Malaria Report 2005.
Estimates for missing territories were made from regional averages.
Click here to view detailed data source references
The quotation used to accompany the map of malaria cases is from Jong-Wook Lee, the former Director General of the World Health Organisation. The quotation was sourced from a report by the Director-General to the Fifty-ninth World Health Assembly. This report was given in Geneva , on Monday, 22nd May 2006 . The quotation was shortened for use on the poster. The original quotation reads “Yet malaria remains the biggest cause of death for children under five in Africa . We accept our responsibility for this. Now is not the time for shyness.” Another interesting point that Lee makes in his report is this: “Clearly things are not going well with malaria control. So many lives could be saved with simple tools for vector control and treatment like insecticide treated bednets, and the use of artemesinin combination therapy.” The full report was accessed in September 2006 from the website below:
Below is an explanation of each of the columns in the excel file:
Column A = Unique numerical territory (see 001).
Column B = Region and territory names (see 001).
Column C = Region code (see 001).
Column D = The ISO 3 code, or ISO ALPHA-3 (see 001).
Column E = Malaria cases in 2003. This is calculated by multiplying the rate of malaria cases per 100,000 persons in 2003 (Column F) by the population in millions in 2002 (Column G) and then, again, by 10, to put the number into units. (E = F * G * 10).
Column F = Malaria cases per 100,000 persons in 2003/2002. This is calculated by dividing the number of malaria cases in 2003 (Column H) by the population in millions in 2002 (Column G), this is then divided by 10 to make the rate shown cases per 100000. (F = 0.1 * H / G). If data were missing from column H, the regional rate is assumed for the territory missing data.
Column G = Population in millions, for year 2002. For source data and derived estimates see 002, ‘Total Population’.
Column H = Malaria cases in 2003. These are the original data. Where no data were given, ‘#N/A’ is shown.