Domari is the language of the Dom people, who migrated from India across the Middle East. The largest group are now located in Iran, where 1.3 million of the total 1.8 million speakers reside. Other large groups are in Egypt, and India, where the Dom are known as 'Domba'.
Comparisons are made with European Gypsies or 'Rom'; both are descended from Indian traders, and the names Dom and Rom are related, although the groups are thought to have migrated at different points in time.
Due to the region in which Domari is spoken, Arabic now has a large influence on the Domari language.