Portuguese is spoken by roughly 188 million people in around 31 territories. It is derived from Latin, and shares many similarities with Spanish. The territory with the largest number of Portuguese speakers is Brazil, which was a Portuguese colony until 1822. Portuguese is also the official language of Mozambique, although it is only spoken as a first language by around 8% of the population. It is also spoken by significant numbers in Paraguay, South Africa, the United States, India, Canada, France and several other West European territories.