Pregnancy and childbirth [Maternal conditions] are those conditions affecting women because they are pregnant, or when giving birth or shortly after, and a consequence of that.
They are the sum of:
1. Bleeding [Maternal haemorrhage], U043 no map
2. Infection [Maternal sepsis], U044 no map
3. High blood pressure [Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy], U045 no map
4. Difficulties giving birth [Obstructed labour], U046 no map
5. Conditions due to abortions and miscarriages [Abortion], U047 no map
6. Other conditions related to pregnancy, labour or immediately after [Other maternal conditions], U048 no map
Global Burden of Disease does not give the figures for these sub-categories in its 2002 data. They are described and defined individually below. However lack of satisfactory medical care before, during and giving birth (antenatal, maternity and postnatal services) increases the risks of disability and death from all these categories, as also does prior poor health in women.
In 2002 Maternal conditions caused 1.9% of all female deaths (table 3) and 3.2% of all deaths among all adults between ages 15 and 59 years (table 5).
Global Burden of Disease estimated in 2002 Maternal conditions caused 3.3% of all years living with a disability, 6.4% of all female disability (table 6). GBD also estimated it to cause 4.7% of all Female and 3.1% of all Very poor territory burden of disease (Disability Adjusted Lost Years, table 7).
Maternal conditions caused 0.9% of all deaths worldwide in 2002, an average of 82 deaths per million people per year.