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National Income

Map No. 309

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Gross National Income (GNI) is all income and profits received in a territory. Income is from goods and services produced in a territory, plus income from abroad; excluded are profits made by foreign companies.

The highest Gross National Incomes per person are in Western Europe, North America and Japan. The lowest are in Burundi and Ethiopia.

Of the total of Gross National Incomes worldwide, the United States has 33%, Western Europe 28% and Japan 13%. Much is amassed by multinational companies whose profits can exceed the GNI of some poor territories. The profits of multinationals are counted in the home territory of the owners.

"It does not include the beauty of our poetry or the strength of our marriages; the intelligence of our public debate or the integrity of our public officials ... it measures everything ... except that which makes life worthwhile." Robert Kennedy, 1968

Territory size shows the proportion of all Gross National Income, in US dollars, that is attributed to that place.


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