Reptiles are all cold-blooded vertebrates including tortoises and turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodiles and alligators. The word reptile is from the latin ‘reptilis’ meaning ‘creeping’.
By 2004, of the 600 species assessed 304 were at risk of global extinction. The average territories reported 5 reptile species as locally threatened. 38 locally threatened reptile species live in Australia, 28 in Indonesia and 31 in China.
Asia Pacific and South America account for half of locally threatened reptile species. Within South America most reptiles at risk are in the North of the continent. Central American territories, with small land areas, have many threatened reptile species.