Of all the people living with malaria, 92% live in African territories. Parts of Mediterranean Africa have very low numbers of malaria cases. In contrast, almost half the people living in Uganda suffer from malaria. Uganda also has the most cases of malaria in the world. Most territories are barely visible due to the low number of malaria cases found there.
Malaria is a parasitic infection that is spread between people by mosquitoes. Incidence can be reduced by mosquito control and anti-malarial prophylaxis in some cases. It is treatable but drug resistance and loss of immunity occur. 7.2 million cases of malaria were recorded worldwide in 2003.