The first Millennium Development Goal is to halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who live on the equivalent of US$1 a day, or less. In 2002, an estimated 17% of the world population lived on this amount. They lived on less than or equal to what, to be precise, US$1.08 would have bought in the United States in 1993.
In over twenty territories more than a third of the population lives on less than US$1 a day. All but two of these territories are in Africa.
The largest population living on US$1 a day is in Southern Asia, most of whom live in India.